A Comparison of the Roman Missal, Missale Romanum and Divine Worship Forms of the Roman Rite Eucharistic Liturgy

What follows is the work of my dear friend and fellow Incarnation Catholic Church of Orlando, Florida parishioner Steven Rabanal, which he kindly permitted me to repost here. It was originally posted on his blog, The Acolyte’s Toolbox. I think it represents an excellent resource particularly for devoteés of the Missale Romanum (commonly the Extraordinary Form or Traditional Latin Mass according to the 1962 Missal) to learn more about the Traditional English Mass (as it has been called), according to Divine Worship: The Missal, published just 3 years ago A.D. 2015. -F.S.L.

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N discussions regarding the liturgical details of Divine Worship: The Missal, which is the missal used by the Personal Ordinariates for former Anglicans, a frequently visited topic is how the missal relates to the Roman Missal and/or the 1962 Missale Romanum.

This is also a frequently debated topic, for a number of reasons that I will not analyze now. However, what I am choosing to do now is present a semi-detailed comparison of Divine Worship with both the Roman Missal and the Missale Romanum.

No bias is intended to make it appear more like either missal. I should also note that this chart does not indicate or imply that it is prohibited to add any practices to the missals not found in them. However, it does not include extra-missal practices, no matter how frequently they occur, for the purpose of examining only the missals themselves. I hope that this is a helpful reference for those that would like to take a closer look between the three missals and even a helpful chart to help others learn more about the missals in general.

 

The Roman Missal Divine Worship: The Missal 1962 Missale Romanum
Rite of Sprinkling Holy Water Included after Introit and Greeting in place of the Penitential Act Included for optional use in appendix before Mass Usually before the principal Mass on Sundays
Sung introit Sung before Greeting Sung at some point after ministers are assembled for Mass, typically during the censing of the altar or while the preparatory prayers take place, presumably in place of read introit Sung approximately during preparatory prayers, in addition to the read introit
Sung Kyrie Sung whenever it would be read, replacing reading it Presumably sung in place of reading Sung after introit, in addition to the read Kyrie
Preparatory Prayers Not included in Missal Included for optional use in appendix Required before the Introit
Prayer(s) after Preparatory prayers N/A Collect for Purity Aufer a Nobis and Oramus Te
Blessing incense (when incense is used) No indication of blessing at the first altar censing No indication of blessing at the first altar censing Deacon: “A blessing, Reverend Father.”Priest: “Mayest thou be blessed + by Him in Whose honor thou art to be burnt. Amen.”
Read introit Only when nothing is sung, but taken from the Roman Missal instead of the Graduale Romanum;Reading the introit even when it has been sung is not mentioned Read at least when introit or another song is not sung; reading the introit even when it has been sung is not mentioned Always read after censing
Sign of the Cross Always included here Omitted when preparatory prayers are used. Included if they aren’t N/A
Greeting Included N/A N/A
Penitential Act Three different options No formally titled “penitential act” here. The traditional Confiteor is included in the preparatory prayers if they are used. Formal penitential act is included after the intercessions. The Confiteor is included in the Preparatory Prayers, but there’s no “penitential act” otherwise.
Collect for Purity N/A Included at this point if the Preparatory Prayers were not used N/A
Summary of the Law N/A Included here. It is omitted if the preparatory prayers were used and/or the decalogue is recited. Other times, the missal implies it is optional, by use of the words “may say” N/A
Decalogue N/A May replace Summary of the Law and Kyrie N/A
Kyrie If form A or B of the Penitential Act is used, the Kyrie follows after. Form C is the Kyrie, with tropes Included here unless the Decalogue is recited Included here
Gloria Included on “Sundays outside Advent and Lent, and also on Solemnities and Feasts, and at particular celebrations of a more solemn character.” “The Gloria is sung or said on Sundays, on Solemnities and Feasts, on every day during the Octaves of Christmas, Easter, and Pentecost, and at special celebrations of a more solemn character. It is not said on the Sundays of Advent, and on the Sundays of Pre-Lent and Lent.” Included by default and omitted when the Te Deum is not sung at Matins.
Variant texts at beginning of Gloria “and on earth peace to people of good will” “and on earth peace, good will towards men” “et in terra pax hominibus bonae voluntatis” – “and in earth peace to men of good will”
Simultaneous singing and quiet recitation of the Kyrie and Gloria Not mentioned Not mentioned Included in sung and Solemn Mass
Signing at end of Gloria Not mentioned Prescribed Prescribed for spoken text
Kissing altar N/A; at sedilia Included if at altar Included if at altar
“The Lord be with you. And with thy spirit.” Omitted Included Included
Collect Included. Only one collect. Included. Only one collect. Included. Multiple collects permitted.
Reading Always included Always included Always included
Gradual (or another prescribed chant) Always included. Alternative psalm options permitted. Always included. Alternative psalm options permitted. Always included
Reading Included on Sundays and Solemnities Included on Sundays and Solemnities Omitted in a typical Mass
Location of Epistle Mandatory at ambo (GIRM 58) Unclear. Various options are typically practiced. By a priest in Sung or Low Mass at the altar on epistle side (lector may chant Epistle at Sung Mass); by the subdeacon of the Mass, typically before the altar steps
“Deo gratias” after readings Always included; preceded by “The word of the Lord” Always included; preceded by “The word of the Lord” Included quietly, after priest reading it
Alleluia (or another prescribed chant) Typically included. May be omitted if not sung. Included. Included.
Priest reading reading(s) and propers while they are being sung Not mentioned; presumption that priest is at sedilia Not mentioned; presumption that priest is at sedilia Included
Imposition of incense (when incense is used) Included with a blessing, but no text is mentioned. GIRM 132 does not speak against saying something during the blessing, as GIRM 144 does (during the offertory) Included with a blessing in the Order of Mass. Missal is silent on whether the blessing may include a spoken text. Included with a blessing with a text:
Deacon: “A blessing, Reverend Father.”
Priest: “Mayest thou be blessed + by Him in Whose honor thou art to be burnt. Amen.”
Deacon’s prayer before receiving blessing (“Cleanse my heart and my lips…”) Not included Not included Included
Priest blessing the deacon Included Included Included
Location of Gospel Mandatory at ambo (GIRM 58) Permitted to be in several locations. Commonly proclaimed at Solemn or Sung Mass in the midst of the people. By a priest in Sung or Low Mass at the altar on the gospel side; by the deacon of the Mass, in the proper place for the gospel procession
“The Lord be with…” Included Included Included
“A reading from…” Included Included Included
Gospel Included Included Included
“Laus tibi, Christe” Included, preceded by “The Gospel of the Lord” Included, preceded by “The Gospel of the Lord” Included quietly
Incensing the priest Not mentioned Not mentioned Included
Homily Required for Sundays and Holy Days of Obligations; not required otherwise, but always permitted Required for Sundays and Holy Days of Obligations; not required otherwise, but always permitted Not required but permitted
Nicene Creed Included on Sundays and Solemnities Included on Sundays and Solemnities Included on 1st and 2ndclass feasts
Genuflection for the Incarnation Included on the Solemnities of the Annunciation and Nativity; substituted by bowing on all other days Included Included
Signing at end of creed Not mentioned Prescribed Prescribed for spoken text
Apostles Creed May substitute Nicene Creed Not given in Missal Not given in Missal
Prayers of the People Included Included (optional on weekdays) Not included
Penitential Rite Not included here Included here. May be omitted if preparatory prayers were said with the Confiteor Not included here. Second Confiteor is optional before communion
Comfortable Words Not included Optional Not included
Announcements and Sentences Not included Optional Not included
“The Lord be with…” Not included Not included Included
Offertory verse read by priest Not included; no such verse in missal Included when not sung, presumably only when not sung Always included
Offertory verse sung May be sung; taken from a source such as the Graduale Romanum May be sung, in which case, the missal presumes it is not read – “sung or said” Always sung at Sung and Solemn Mass
Traditional Offertory Not included Included as first option Mandatory
“Benedicite, Pater reverende” before blessing water and incense Not mentioned Not mentioned Included at Solemn Mass
Modern Offertory Included Included as second option Not included
“Pray, Brethren” Included, spoken aloud Included, presumably spoken aloud Included, quietly after first two words
Secret Included, aloud Included, aloud Included, quietly and aloud at end
Sursum Corda Included Included Included
Signing at Benedictus Not mentioned Prescribed Prescribed at spoken Benedictus
Regarding sung Sanctus and Benedictus If sung, they are sung together, and presumably replace the spoken text. If sung, they are sung together, and presumably replace the spoken text. Always sung at sung and Solemn Masses and sacred ministers always read them together and continue Canon immediately. Chanted settings are sung together. Non-chanted settings are broken up to have the Benedictus after the consecration and elevation of the chalice.
Anaphora Multiple options given, including the Roman Canon Two options given, equivalent to the Roman Canon and Eucharistic Prayer II of the OF. Canon mandatory on Sundays Roman Canon only

 

 

 

 

“The Mystery of Faith” Spoken/sung after reverencing the consecrated Blood, followed by an acclamation Spoken/sung after reverencing the consecrated Blood, followed by an acclamation Spoken in the consecration of the Blood
Tone of voice for Anaphora Presumably aloud Presumably aloud Silent with a raised voice at “To us sinners also” and aloud at end of doxology
Genuflection before Lord’s Prayer Not mentioned Included Included
“Let us pray” Not included Not included Included
“Admonished by salutary precepts…” Included Included Included
“Our Father…” Said or Sung by All Said or Sung by All, intoned by Priest Typically Said or Sung by priest with others responding at end
“Deliver us, we beseech Thee…” Included, without “past, present, and to come”, mention of saints, and adding “as we await the blessed hope and the coming of our Savior, Jesus Christ” Traditional version Traditional version
Doxology “For the kingdom…” “For thine is…” “Through the same…”
“May the peace…” Not included here Not included here Included here
“May this co-mingling” Not included here Not included here Included here
Agnus Dei Not included here Not included here Included here, always spoken, even when sung
“O Lord Jesus Christ…” Included, with “look not on *our* sins” Included, with “look not on *our* sins” Included, with “regard not *my* sins”
“The peace of the…” Included here Included here Not included here
“Let us offer each…” Included optionally here Not included Not included
Kiss of peace Included among clergy, optional among people Included among clergy, optional among people Included among clergy at Solemn Mass; optional at Sung Mass via a pax brede
“Christ our Passover…” Not included Included Not included
Breaking the Host During Agnus Dei During Christ our Passover During doxology to Lord’s Prayer
“May this mingling…” Included here Included here Not included here
Agnus Dei Included here Included here Not included here
Requiem alternate text for Agnus Dei Not included Included Included
“O Lord Jesus Christ, Son of the living God…” and “Let not the partaking…” silent prayers by priest Option of either, without doxologies Not included in Missal Both, with doxologies
Prayer of Humble Access Not included Included Not included
“I will take the bread of heaven” Not included Not included Included
Priest’s “Lord, I am not worthy” Not included Not included Included
Priest’s reception of communion Not included here Not included here Included here
Confiteor Not included Not included Not included in 1962 Missal, although it is often included according to local custom
“Behold the Lamb…” Included Included Included
“Blessed are those…” Included Included Not included
“Lord, I am not…” Included, once Included, once or thrice Included, thrice
Prayers before priest receives communion:1. “May the body…”

2. “What shall I render…”

3. “May the blood…”

Included here, only 1 & 3 Included here, only 1 & 3 Included earlier, all three
Communion Proper Read here or sung at any point during communion, or replaced with other singing. Read here or sung. Not read here. Sung at some point during communion.
Text spoken for each communicant’s communion Minister: “The Body (or “Blood”) of Christ.”Communicant: “Amen.” Under one kind at a time: Minister: “The Body (Blood) of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was given (shed) for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life.”Or

“The Body (Blood) of Christ.”

 

Under both kinds together: “The Body and Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life.”

Or

“The Body and Blood of Christ.”

 

No mention is made of the communicant responding.

Minister: “May the Body of Our Lord Jesus Christ + keep thy soul unto life everlasting. Amen.”

The communicant does not respond.

“Into a pure heart…” Not included Not included Included
Prayer during purification “What has passed our lips as food, O Lord, may we possess in purity of heart, that what has been given to us in time may be our healing for eternity.” “Grant, O Lord, that what we have taken with our mouths we may receive with a pure heart; and from a temporal gift may it become to us an everlasting remedy.” “May Thy Body, O Lord, which I have received, and Thy Blood which I have drunk cleave to mine inmost parts: and do Thou grant that no stain of sin remain in me, whom pure and holy mysteries have refreshed: Who livest and reignest world without end. Amen.”
Communion Proper Not read here Not read here Read here, even at sung and Solemn Mass
“Almighty and everliving God…” Not included Included Not included
“The Lord be with…” Not included Not included Included
“Let us pray…” and Postcommunion Included Included Included
“The Lord be with…” Included Included Included
“Go, it is the dismissal…” Not included here Not included here Included here
“May the lowly homage…” Not included Not included Included
“May almighty God…” Included Not included in these words Included
“The peace of God…” Not included Included Not included
Dismissal Included with options:1. “Go forth, the Mass is ended.”

2. “Go and announce the Gospel of the Lord.”

3. “Go in peace, glorifying the Lord by your life.”

4. “Go in peace.”

Included with options:1. “Go forth in peace.”

2. “Depart in peace.”

Or “V. Let us proceed in peace. R. In the name of Christ. Amen.” For processions.

Not included here
Requiem alternative for blessing and dismissal “V. May they rest in peace. R. Amen.” Not included Included Included
Last Gospel Not included in Missal Given in appendix for optional use when prescribed. Replaced with Matthew 2:1-12 at the Mass of Christmas Day Included when prescribed.

Steven Rabanal is a Subdeacon (Instituted Acolyte) of the Catholic Church and a canonical member of the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter. He is an undergraduate student of Rollins College in Winter Park, Florida majoring in Music with a focus in vocal performance. He is also a church organist. 

Dr. Foster Lerner is a graduate of Nova Southeastern University College of Osteopathic Medicine in Davie, Florida pursuing post-graduate studies in medicine.

5 thoughts on “A Comparison of the Roman Missal, Missale Romanum and Divine Worship Forms of the Roman Rite Eucharistic Liturgy

  1. Is Steve the man behind “Orlando Music” which puts from time to time the Sunday Ordinariate Mass from the Orlando parish up on YouTube? He mentions that he is a musician. I enjoy watching it out here in the Rockies but it doesn’t seem to be up on the web every week, only occasionally. I wish an Ordinariate parish somewhere in the world would do as so many Novus Ordo parishes do and make their daily Masses available on YouTube or via one of the two European systems like ChurchServices.tv

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Dear Mr. Dorner, One and the same. Unfortunately most members commute to Incarnation including myself, making daily Mass impractical. I understand the audio also gets processed for the weekly masses, so doing this daily would be impractical. InChrist by His Grace, Dr. Lerner

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    2. Search for “The Catholic Parish of St Thomas More” on YouTube. Our Ordinariate parish is in Toronto and we post every Sunday Mass.

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    1. Dear Mr. Crakes, I understand it “Missale Romanum” is in reference to the 1962 Missal, the one legally protected by Summorum Pontificum, celebrated without exception at the vast majority of TLM parishes around the country, therefore post-1955. I do understand some exceptions continue to be made, but I think Steven was going for broad applicability. On the other hand “Roman Missal” refers to the Ordinary Form, commonly called the “Novus Ordo” of 1970, now in its 3rd edition. In Christ by His Grace, Dr. Lerner

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